Demoralization syndrome among cardiac transplant recipients

Ching-Hwa Hsu, Heng Hsin Tung*, Yi Chen Wu, Jeng Wei, Shiow Luan Tsay

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Aims and Objectives: To investigate the characteristics and prevalence of demoralisation syndrome among heart transplantation patients in Taiwan. Background: Patients with end-stage heart failure who have undergone cardiac transplantation are at risk of demoralisation syndrome. Demoralisation syndrome has been studied in cancer populations, but our understanding of the syndrome among heart transplant recipients is limited. Design and Methods: The study adopted a cross-sectional design and analysed the baseline data from a longitudinal study with cardiac transplant patients at a heart centre in northern Taiwan. A structured questionnaire, namely the Demoralization Scale-Mandarin Version (DS-MV), was used to assess demoralisation syndrome. Hierarchical regression was applied to determine the predictors of demoralisation. Reporting was consistent with the STROBE checklist. Results: There were a total of 84 participants with an average age of 51.9 years and a time since heart transplantation of around 4.1 years. Among them, the prevalence of demoralisation syndrome was 35.8%, and 57.1% coped well with stress. In addition, on the DS-MV, participants tended to choose sentences with positive rather than negative wording. Our data showed that cardiac transplant recipients with stress have higher possibility suffering from demoralisation syndrome; poor renal function and those who cannot relive from stress are predictors for loss of meaning. Conclusions: Chinese individuals tend to hide their weaknesses; nevertheless, demoralisation syndrome among cardiac transplant recipients, as related to stress status and kidney function, is still remarkable. Relevance to clinical practice: Since demoralisation is preventable, further research on this phenomenon in the cardiac transplant population is warranted and needs to be developed.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Clinical Nursing
StateE-pub ahead of print - 14 Sep 2021


  • Asia
  • culture
  • demoralisation
  • heart failure
  • heart transplantation
  • physiological stress
  • psychological stress


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