We reported on GaN microcavity (MC) lasers combined with one rigid TiO2 high-contrast grating (HCG) structure as the output mirror. The HCG structure was directly fabricated on the GaN structure without an airgap. The entire MC structure comprised a bottom dielectric distributed Bragg reflector; a GaN cavity; and a top HCG reflector, which was designed to yield high reflectance for transverse magnetic (TM)- or transverse electric (TE)-polarized light. The MC device revealed an operation threshold of approximately 0.79 MW/cm2 when pulsed optical pumping was conducted using the HCG structure at room temperature. The laser emission was TM polarized with a degree of polarization of 99.2% and had a small divergence angle of 14° (full width at half maximum). This laser operation demonstration for the GaN-based MC structure employing an HCG exhibited the advantages of HCGs in semiconductor lasers at wavelengths from green to ultraviolet.