Demonstration of High Endurance and Retention Spin-Transfer-Torque-Assisted Field-Free Perpendicular Spin-Orbit Torque Cells by an Etch-Stop-on-MgO Process

Ya Jui Tsou, Wei Jen Chen, Chin Yu Liu, Yi Ju Chen, Kai Shin Li, Jia Min Shieh, Pang Chun Liu, Wei Yuan Chung, C. W. Liu, Ssu Yen Huang, Jeng Hua Wei, Denny D. Tang, Jack Yuan Chen Sun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Back-end-of-line compatible 400°C thermally robust perpendicular spin-orbit torque (p-SOT) cells with reduced MgO short fails are demonstrated by the etch-stop-on-MgO process. The stop-on-MgO cell features the SOT channel continuity and no metal redeposition at MgO sidewall after ion beam etching. To the best of our knowledge, the endurance as high as 1010 cycles using the field-free spin-transfer torque (STT) assisted SOT writing is achieved for the first time. The SOT switching current density can be reduced by increasing the STT current density to save write energy. The stop-on-MgO cell does not degrade the cell switching speed, since the switching always starts from the inner free layer and the domain propagation at the extended free layer does not affect junction resistance, as shown by micromagnetic simulation. The simulation also reveals that the thermal stability factor of stop-on-MgO cells is enhanced by the extended free layer, which suffers less from the interference of pinned layer edge stray field.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1
Number of pages1
JournalIeee Electron Device Letters
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2022

Keywords

  • Etch-stop
  • Etching
  • field-free spin-orbit torque
  • magnetic domain
  • Magnetic tunneling
  • Metals
  • Optical switches
  • Resistance
  • spin-transfer torque
  • stray magnetic field
  • Torque
  • Voltage

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