Deltex1 suppresses T cell function and is a biomarker for diagnosis and disease activity of systemic lupus erythematosus

Ming Han Chen*, Chuen Miin Leu, Tzu Sheng Hsu, Yu Ping Kuo, Ming Zong Lai, Po Chun Liu, Ming Huang Chen, Deh Ming Chang, Chang Youh Tsai

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Objective. Deletion of Deltex1 (DTX1) in mice caused hyperactivation of T cells and lupus-like autoimmune syndromes, however, the association of DTX1 with human autoimmune diseases is totally unknown. This study investigated the role of DTX1 in human T cell functions and its correlation with disease activity in patients with SLE. Methods. The influence of DTX1 on T cell function was evaluated using human primary cells. DTX1 expression in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from healthy controls and SLE patients was measured by quantitative realtime PCR and the SLEDAI was used to assess disease activity. Results. After stimulation with anti-CD3 and anti-CD28, silencing of DTX1 expression enhanced IFN-g secretion by human T cells. The expression of DTX1 in PBMCs was significantly lower in 100 SLE patients than in 50 age-and sexmatched healthy controls (DTX1/glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase, 0.452 vs 1.269, P < 0.001). The area under the receiver operator characteristics curve of the model was 0.737 (95% CI 0.658, 0.815). Intriguingly, a low DTX1 level in T cells led to high IFN-g production in SLE patients and had a correlation with severe disease activity. In addition, low DTX1 expression in SLE patients was associated with active LN, lung involvement or hypocomplementaemia. Conclusion. Knockdown DTX1 expression in human T cells reduced IFN-g secretion. DTX1 expression in the PBMCs was significantly lower in SLE patients and had an inverse correlation with disease activity, indicating that the DTX1 level may be a good disease marker of SLE.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)719-728
Number of pages10
JournalRheumatology (Oxford, England)
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1 Apr 2019


  • Deltex1
  • SLE
  • T cell


Dive into the research topics of 'Deltex1 suppresses T cell function and is a biomarker for diagnosis and disease activity of systemic lupus erythematosus'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this