Defining and screening crash surrogate events using naturalistic driving data

Kun-Feng Wu*, Paul P. Jovanis

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

61 Scopus citations


Naturalistic driving studies provide an excellent opportunity to better understand crash causality and to supplement crash observations with a much larger number of near crash events. The goal of this research is the development of a set of diagnostic procedures to define, screen, and identify crash and near crash events that can be used in enhanced safety analyses. A way to better understand crash occurrence and identify potential countermeasures to improve safety is to learn from and use near crash events, particularly those near crashes that have a common etiology to crash outcomes. This paper demonstrates that a multi-stage modeling framework can be used to search through naturalistic driving data, extracting statistically similar crashes and near crashes. The procedure is tested using data from the VTTI 100-car study for road departure events. A total of 63 events are included in this application. While the sample size is limited in this empirical study, the authors believe the procedure is ready for testing in other applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10-22
Number of pages13
JournalAccident Analysis and Prevention
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2013


  • Crash surrogate
  • Naturalistic driving study
  • Traffic safety


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