Deep neural network battery life and voltage prediction by using data of one cycle only

Chia Wei Hsu, Rui Xiong, Nan Yow Chen*, Ju Li, Nien Ti Tsou

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


Rechargeable batteries, such as LiFePO4/graphite cells, age differently by variability in manufacturing, charging (energy inflow) policy, temperature, discharging conditions, etc. Great economic and environmental value can be extracted if we can predict how a battery ages and ascertain its current state of health and residual useful life, based on just a few cycles of testing. Here, by developing novel-architecture deep neural networks with a special convolutional training strategy and taking advantage of recently published battery cycling data, we show that one can predict the residual life of a battery to a mean absolute percentage error of 6.46%, using only one cycle of testing. The cycle-by-cycle profiles, such as discharge voltage, capacity, and power curves of any given cycle, of used batteries with unknown age can also be accurately predicted for the first time. Moreover, our models can extract data-driven features from the data which were much more influential on the predicted properties than human-picked features. This work has shown that single cycle data contains a sufficient amount of information to predict essential battery properties with high accuracy. It is expected to provide tremendous economic and environmental benefits since reuse and recycling of batteries can be better planned and less lithium-ion batteries end up in landfills.

Original languageEnglish
Article number118134
JournalApplied Energy
StatePublished - 15 Jan 2022


  • Data-driven features
  • Deep neural network
  • End-of-life
  • LiFePO/graphite cells
  • Remaining useful life


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