Data reduction in scalar airborne gravimetry: Theory, software and case study in Taiwan

Chein-way Hwang*, Yu Shen Hsiao, Hsuan Chang Shih

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


The objective of this paper is to present theories of scalar airborne gravimetry and to publish the related software to interested readers for free access. Numerical procedures and techniques are developed to compute velocities and accelerations from GPS-determined positions. A method based on the correlation analysis of raw gravity reading and vertical acceleration of aircraft is used to correct for gravimeter times. A method and a computer program for crossover adjustment of gravity values along survey lines are developed. This method allows flexible selection of a fixed survey line to overcome the rank defect problem. A computer program is developed to compute gravity anomalies while applying corrections of gravimeter position and filtering. Upward and downward continuations of gravity anomalies are performed using Fast Fourier Transform. Using observed airborne gravity data along a survey line and simulated data in Taiwan, all the programs have been validated and produced reliable results.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1573-1584
Number of pages12
JournalComputers and Geosciences
Issue number10
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2006


  • Airborne gravimetry
  • Crossover adjustment
  • Filtering
  • Taiwan
  • Upward continuation


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