Cytochrome P-450 2D6*10 C188T polymorphism is associated with antipsychotic-induced persistent tardive dyskinesia in Chinese schizophrenic patients

Ying Jay Liou, Ying Chieh Wang, Ya Mei Bai, Chao Cheng Lin, Shun Chieh Yu, Ding Lieh Liao, Ming Wei Lin, Jen Yeu Chen, I. Ching Lai*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

49 Scopus citations

Abstract

Typical antipsychotic treatment had been postulated to be a risk factor for the susceptibility to tardive dyskinesia (TD). The cytochrome P-450 debrisoquine/sparteine hydroxylase (CYP2D6) metabolizes a majority of antipsychotics and exhibits various phenotypes on enzymatic activities from poor metabolizers to ultrarapid metabolizers. The various phenotypes are encoded by polymorphic genetic variants on the CYP2D6 gene. Although several studies had explored the association between the CYP2D6*10 C188T polymorphism, which encodes the phenotype intermediate metabolizers, and TD in Orientals, the findings were inconclusive. In the present study, we examined the relationship between the CYP2D6*10 C188T polymorphism and the TD occurrence in 216 Chinese schizophrenic patients (113 patients with TD and 103 patients without TD) and explored the correlation between the TD severity assessed by the Abnormal Involuntary Movement Scale (AIMS) and each C188T genotype in the 113 TD patients. Using logistic regression analysis, we found a modest association (p = 0.045) between TD and C188T genotypes. This positive finding was only observed in male patients (p = 0.001), but not in females. Our findings also support the correlation between AIMS scores and C188T polymorphism within the TD group after adjusting for confounding effects with the multiple regression analysis (p = 0.033). We concluded that the CYP2D6*10 C188T polymorphism may be associated with the susceptibility to the occurrence of TD induced by typical antipsychotics, especially in male patients, and may also be correlated with AIMS scores in TD patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)167-173
Number of pages7
JournalNeuropsychobiology
Volume49
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2004

Keywords

  • Association study
  • CYP2D6
  • Cyp2d6*10
  • Polymorphism
  • Tardive dyskinesia

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