Cystic fibrosis and the CFTR anion channel

Yoshiro Sohma, Tzyh Chang Hwang

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

7 Scopus citations


CF is an autosomal recessive genetic disorder aecting many epithelium-lining organ systems such as the lung, pancreas, liver, intestine, and sweat duct (Quinton 1999). Although CF is found in all ethnicities, it is most prevalent in people of Caucasian Contents 42.1 Introduction 627 42.2 Brief history of cystic brosis 627 42.3 CFTR 628 42.3.1 Overview 628 42.3.2 Nucleotide-binding domain: Gating mechanism 630 Structures of NBDs and NBD dimer 630 ATP-dependent gating driven by NBD dimerization 630 Hidden states during ATP-dependent gating cycle 631 Coupling between NBDs and MSDs 633 Future perspectives 633 42.3.3 Regulatory domain 634 Mechanism of CFTR regulation by the R domain 635 42.3.4 Membrane-spanning domains: Channel pore and gating motions 636 Biophysical characteristics of the CFTR channel pore 636 Molecular structure of the CFTR channel pore 636 CFTR pore blockers and vestibules 638 42.4 Molecular pathophysiology and pharmacology of CFTR 639 42.4.1 CFTR biosynthesis and membrane tracking 639 42.4.2 Mutations that lead to CF 639 42.4.3 Mechanism of CFTR dysfunction 639 42.4.4 CFTR pharmacology 640 42.5 Concluding remarks 641 Acknowledgment 641 References 641 heritage (Bobadilla et al., 2002). Humans have died from CF since thousands of years ago. European folklore from the medieval time warned “woe is the child who tastes salty from a kiss on the brow, for he is cursed, and soon must die” as if infants with a salty skin were hexed or bewitched (Quinton, 1999). Although sporadic case reports for CF-like childhood diseases can be found in the literature before 1938, the rst systematic description of CF as a clinical entity was often credited to a landmark paper by Dorothy Andersen (Andersen, 1938), who reported the clinicopathological ndings in 49 children with the characteristic brocystic changes of the pancreas and associated this pancreatic pathology with neonatal meconium ileus, and respiratory complications.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHandbook of Ion Channels
PublisherCRC Press
Number of pages22
ISBN (Electronic)9781466551428
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2015


Dive into the research topics of 'Cystic fibrosis and the CFTR anion channel'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this