Convolutional neural network for human cancer types prediction by integrating protein interaction networks and omics data

Yi Hsuan Chuang, Sing Han Huang, Tzu Mao Hung, Xiang Yu Lin, Jung Yu Lee, Wen Sen Lai, Jinn Moon Yang*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Many studies have proven the power of gene expression profile in cancer identification, however, the explosive growth of genomics data increasing needs of tools for cancer diagnosis and prognosis in high accuracy and short times. Here, we collected 6136 human samples from 11 cancer types, and integrated their gene expression profiles and protein–protein interaction (PPI) network to generate 2D images with spectral clustering method. To predict normal samples and 11 cancer tumor types, the images of these 6136 human cancer network were separated into training and validation dataset to develop convolutional neural network (CNN). Our model showed 97.4% and 95.4% accuracies in identification of normal versus tumors and 11 cancer types, respectively. We also provided the results that tumors located in neighboring tissues or in the same cell types, would induce machine make error classification due to the similar gene expression profiles. Furthermore, we observed some patients may exhibit better prognosis if their tumors often misjudged into normal samples. As far as we know, we are the first to generate thousands of cancer networks to predict and classify multiple cancer types with CNN architecture. We believe that our model not only can be applied to cancer diagnosis and prognosis, but also promote the discovery of multiple cancer biomarkers.

Original languageEnglish
Article number20691
JournalScientific reports
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2021

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