Context-based binary arithmetic coding with stochastic bit reshuffling for advanced fine granuality scalability

Wen-Hsiao Peng*, Chung Neng Wang, Tihao Chiang, Hsueh-Ming Hang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


We present a novel context based binary arithmetic coding with a stochastic bit-reshuffling scheme to improve bit-plane coding of MPEG-4 Fine Granularity Scalability (FGS). Current approach has not fully considered the correlations across bit-planes and among adjacent transform blocks. To fully exploit correlation, we construct context based on spatial correlation and energy distribution of transform blocks. Furthermore, we consider the context across bit-planes to reduce side information. In addition, when the enhancement-layer is partially decoded, the block update in a raster scan causes unbalanced quality of a decoded frame. To have consistent subjective quality, we reshuffle the bit transmission order with a probability model. Since both encoder and decoder have identical probability model, no extra overhead are required. For faster convergence of statistic adaptation, we replace the traditional 8×8 floating point DCT with 4×4 integer transform. As compared to MPEG-4 FGS based bit-plane coding, we can improve the PSNR by 0.5-∼1dB and offer better subjective quality. Specifically, our approach is among top 3 of the Test 1(b) and 1(c) in the subjective quality evaluation of scalable video coding in the 65th MPEG meeting in July 2003.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1328906
Pages (from-to)953-956
Number of pages4
JournalProceedings - IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems
StatePublished - 23 May 2004
Event2004 IEEE International Symposium on Cirquits and Systems - Proceedings - Vancouver, BC, Canada
Duration: 23 May 200426 May 2004


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