Contact reaction between Si and Pd-W alloy films

J. O. Olowolafe*, King-Ning Tu, J. Angilello

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

53 Scopus citations


Contact reactions in the temperature range 250-650 °C between (100) Si and Pd-W binary alloy films of composition Pd80W20 and Pd30W70 have been studied by a combination of ion backscattering, x-ray diffraction, and current-voltage measurement of Schottky barrier height. For the Pd-rich alloy, the reaction around 400 °C produced the silicide Pd2Si by depleting Pd from the alloy and resulted in the formation of a two-layer structure, W/Pd2Si/Si. We have found that the W layer has served effectively as a diffusion barrier for the subsequently deposited Al, indicating that a rectifying contact and its diffusion barrier can be fabricated simultaneously. At higher reaction temperatures, the W layer transforms to WSi2 with some mixture of Pd2Si. The alloying of Pd with W has been found to increase the formation temperature of Pd2Si but decrease that of WSi2. In the Pd 80W20 reaction, Pd2Si forms around 400 °C and WSi2 around 500 °C. In the Pd30W70 reaction, Pd2Si forms around 500 °C and WSi2 around 650 °C.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6316-6320
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Issue number10
StatePublished - 1 Dec 1979


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