Consumer driven computer game design

Charles Trappey*, Teng Tai Hsiao, Tien Chun Chang, Ming Hung Che, Wei Jie Chiu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review

1 Scopus citations


The Critical Incident Techniques (CIT) is widely used to study customer satisfaction and dissatisfaction in the service industry and provides respondents with an open format to describe in their own words incidents that create lasting impressions. The purpose of this research is to develop a methodology for computer game design with the goal of creating games that increase the consumer's satisfaction. Too often, game designers create games that satisfy their own perceptions of a good game without considering the needs of the consumers that will play the games. Customer driven computer game design applies the critical incident technique as a means to define the elements of good and bad game. A methodology is described whereby game designers establish the goal and intentions of the game by listening to the voice of the consumer. The concept was tested by distributing CIT surveys to active game players who each wrote two stories about their game playing behavior and experiences. The first story described the respondent's best experience playing games and the second story described their worst experience. The stories were archived and content analyzed using Gremler's best-practice methods for identifying categories and critical incidents. A summary sheet describing the frequency of good and bad incidents was derived by three coders. The respondents' original game playing stories were further abstracted into key good and bad descriptions and appended to the summary CIT frequency data sheet to create a consumer game report. The report was then used by creative designers as a reference point for designing new games.

Original languageEnglish
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2005
Event2nd International Conference on Digital Games Research Association: Changing Views: Worlds in Play, DiGRA 2005 - Vancouver, BC, Canada
Duration: 16 Jun 200520 Jun 2005


Conference2nd International Conference on Digital Games Research Association: Changing Views: Worlds in Play, DiGRA 2005
CityVancouver, BC


  • Consumer
  • Critical Incident Technique (CIT)
  • Game design
  • Qualitative survey


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