Comparison of prognoses between cirrhotic and noncirrhotic patients with hepatocellular carcinoma and esophageal varices undergoing surgical resection

Yu Jen Chen, Chien Wei Su, Cheng Yi Wei, Gar Yang Chau, Ping Hsien Chen, Yee Chao, Yi Hsiang Huang, Jaw Ching Wu, Tsung Chieh Yang, Pei Chang Lee, Ming Chih Hou

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Esophageal varices (EV) is common and is a poor prognostic factor for patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, the outcomes between cirrhotic and noncirrhotic HCC patients with EV is not well studied. The present study aimed to investigate the clinical manifestations and prognoses of HCC patients after surgical resection stratified by the cirrhosis status. METHODS: A total of 111 patients with HCC and EV, who underwent surgical resection, were retrospectively enrolled between July 2003 and July 2019. The diagnosis of liver cirrhosis was established using the Ishak fibrosis score F5 or F6 in the nontumor part of liver specimens. Prognostic factors were analyzed using the Cox proportional hazards model. RESULTS: There were 85 (76.6%) and 26 (23.4%) patients with and without cirrhosis, respectively. Compared with those without cirrhosis, there were more females, less seropositive rate of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg), more seropositive rate of antibody against to hepatitis C virus (HCV), less albumin-bilirubin (ALBI) grade 1, lower platelet count, and more had tumor burden within the Milan criteria in cirrhotic patients. Cirrhotic patients had a higher risk of posthepatectomy decompensation compared to noncirrhotic patients (hazard ratio 9.577, p = 0.017). No difference was observed in overall survival and recurrence-free survival between patients with or without cirrhosis. CONCLUSION: Compared with patients without cirrhosis, cirrhotic patients with HCC and EV are vulnerable to posthepatectomy decompensation. However, cirrhosis is not a poor prognostic factor of overall survival and recurrence for HCC patients after surgical resection.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)679-686
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the Chinese Medical Association
Volume85
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2022

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