Comparison of four contrast medium delivery protocols in low-iodine and low-radiation dose CT angiography of the aorta

P. A. Chen, E. P. Huang, K. T. Chen, Y. C. Chen, Y. L. Huang, C. C. Chuo, F. Z. Wu, M. T. Wu*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

AIM: To evaluate contrast medium delivery protocols for the optimal enhancement profile of the aorta with both a reduced dose of radiation and contrast medium, called double-low computed tomography (CT) angiography (DLCTA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: DLCTA was performed with 70 kVp and 200 mg iodine/kg in 205 patients following four protocols, namely slow rate (n=52), short duration (n=52), low concentration (n=50), and combined method (n=51), in comparison with a conventional group (120 kVp, 400 mg iodine/kg, n=51). The quantitative measurement of aortic attenuation, homogeneity, and subjective scores were evaluated. RESULTS: Overall, in the four DLCTA groups, the radiation dose was reduced by 62%, and the iodine dose was reduced by 50%. Among the four DLCTA groups, the signal to noise ratio (SNR) and contrast to noise ratio (CNR) of the thoracic aorta were similar, but a significant difference was noted in the abdominal aorta. The short-duration group had the highest peak enhancement, least homogeneity, and worst subjective scores. Good contrast enhancement and good homogeneity were significantly more frequent in the slow-rate (86.6% and 90.4%, respectively) and low-concentration groups (78% and 96.0%, respectively). Subjective scores exhibited a trend of higher scores in the low-concentration group and lower scores in the slow-rate group (p=0.071). CONCLUSION: DLCTA with 70 kVp and 200 mg iodine/kg is feasible for whole-aortic CT angiography. The low-concentration protocol is recommended owing to its most consistent optimal aortic enhancement profile. Alternatively, the slow-rate protocol can be considered for patients with limited venous access.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)797.e9-797.e19
JournalClinical Radiology
Volume75
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2020

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