Comparing radial lengthening osteotomy with ulnar shortening osteotomy to treat ulnar impaction syndrome after distal radius fracture malunion

Hsuan Hsiao Ma, Yi Chou Chen, Hui Kuang Huang, Yi Chao Huang, Ming Chau Chang, Jung Pan Wang*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction: Distal radius mal-unions often cause radius shortening and ulnar impaction syndrome. The modern treatments of ulnar impaction syndrome following distal radius mal-union are ulnar shortening osteotomy (USO) and distal radius lengthening osteotomy (DRLO). However, there are few studies to compare long-term outcomes of these two treatments. This study compares isolated USO to DRLO for the treatment of ulnar impaction syndrome following distal radius mal-union. Materials and Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 68 patients with extra-articular distal radius mal-unions treated by isolated USO in 36 patients and DRLO in 32 patients. Pain visual analog scale (VAS), wrist motion, grip strength, radiographic parameters including sigmoid inclination, DASH score, and perioperative complications were analyzed. Mean follow-up was 62.6 months. Results: The postoperative VAS scores for pain on exertion were less in the DRLO group than the USO group (1.2 vs. 2.8, p = 0.02). The DASH scores were 16.7 and 29.8 in the DRLO and USO groups, respectively (p = 0.02). The reduction of pain and improvement of function showed significantly better in the DRLO group. The mean operative time was shorter in the USO group. Most of the sigmoid inclinations were changed in DRLO. There were two re-operations following USO for painful nonunion and two patients had subsequent DRUJ osteoarthritis at the last follow-up. Conclusion: Although both treatments improved range of motion, grip strength, and VAS for pain, DRLO was found in better reduction of pain and improvement of function. USO is a simpler procedure with a shorter operative time but it has an increased potential to cause subsequent osteoarthritis of the DRUJ as its incongruity of DRUJ after USO especially in reverted inclination. DRLO can be a preferred method for treating USWP in relevant distal radial mal-union.

Original languageEnglish
JournalArchives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • Distal radius mal-union
  • Radial lengthening
  • Ulnar impaction syndrome
  • Ulnar-shortening osteotomy

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Comparing radial lengthening osteotomy with ulnar shortening osteotomy to treat ulnar impaction syndrome after distal radius fracture malunion'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this