An efficient continuous-wave (CW) mid-infrared laser with a tunable wavelength range from 3 to 4.5 μm is demonstrated by using intracavity optical parametric oscillator (ICOPO). An optically pumped semiconductor laser (OPSL) is applied as the parent pumped laser gain medium to eliminate self-modulation effect caused by Nd-doped gain medium with ICOPO for fulfilling true CW emissions. Simultaneously, the OPSL gain chip with flip-chip packaging method can avoid mode hopping resulted from internal heat spreader etalon when strong depletion in ICOPO was achieved. The diode pump criteria of the OPSL is first investigated to prevent thermal roll over. By observing the spectral and temporal dynamics of the parent pumped OPSL with and without OPO operation, the true CW and mode-hop-free quality of the laser is verified. A low diode pump threshold of 2.67 W is obtained for the mid-IR idler emission and a total extracted idler power is 250 mW at a diode pump power of 8 W. Finally, the wavelength tunability is confirmed by adjusting the horizontal location of the multiple channel MgO:PPLN crystal, which indicated the feasibility of practical application in such a compact configuration.
|Journal||IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics|
|State||Published - 1 Jan 2022|
- Nonlinear optics
- semiconductor lasers
- solid lasers
- vertical cavity surface emitting lasers