Clinicopathological Variation of Lauren Classification in Gastric Cancer

Yun Chi Chen, Wen Liang Fang, Ruei Fang Wang, Chien An Liu, Muh Hwa Yang, Shu Shun Lo, Chew Wen Wu, Anna Fen Yau Li, Yi Ming Shyr, Kuo Hung Huang*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

156 Scopus citations


The investigation of prognostic factor for gastric cancer is still desirable because of dismal prognosis in gastric cancer. Lauren’s classification is currently a useful histological classification. There are few large series evaluating the prognostic significance of Lauren’s classification in gastric cancer. From January 1987 to December 2013, a total of 3071 patients received gastrectomy for gastric cancer. According Lauren’s classification, 1423(46.3 %) patients were intestinal type, 1000 patients (32.6 %) were diffuse type, and 648 patients (21.1 %) were mixed type. The clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis in Lauren’s classification were analyzed in these patients. Our results showed that patients with intestinal type gastric cancer (57.7 %) had a better 5-year overall survival than diffuse type (45.6 %) and mixed type (43.4 %, P < 0.001). The clinicopathological characteristics showed that gastric cancer patients with intestinal type were older (P < 0.001), male predominant (P < 0.001), smaller tumor size (P < 0.001), distal stomach predominant (P < 0.001), relative well differentiated (P < 0.001), less advanced Borrmann type (P < 0.001), less scirrhous type stromal reaction(P < 0.001), less infiltrating type of Ming’s histology type(P < 0.001), less tumor invasion depth and less lymphovascular invasion (P < 0.001). Multivariate analysis with overall survival as an endpoint showed that age (P = 0.005), Borrmann classification (P < 0.001), pathological T category (P = 0.023), pathological N category (P < 0.001) and Lauren’s classification (P = 0.003) were significant correlated in gastric cancer. Lauren’s classification is an independent prognostic factor in gastric cancer patient undergoing gastrectomy. Lauren’s classification can serve as a prognostic marker for gastric cancer patient receiving gastrectomy. The clinicopathological appearance and prognosis of mixed type gastric cancer is similar to diffuse type gastric cancer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)197-202
Number of pages6
JournalPathology and Oncology Research
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2016


  • Gastrecotomy
  • Gastric cancer
  • Lauren’s classification


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