AIMS: J-wave syndrome in patients with arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) has been linked to an increased risk of ventricular arrhythmia. We investigated the significance of J waves with respect to substrate manifestations and ablation outcomes in patients with ARVC. METHODS AND RESULTS: Forty-five patients with ARVC undergoing endocardial/epicardial mapping/ablation were studied. Patients were classified into two groups: 13 (28.9%) and 32 (71.1%) patients with and without J waves, respectively. The baseline characteristics, electrophysiological features, ventricular substrate, and recurrent ventricular tachycardia/fibrillation (VT/VF) were compared. Among the 13 patients with J waves, only the inferior J wave was observed. More ARVC patients with J waves fulfilled the major criteria of ventricular arrhythmias (76.9% vs. 21.9%, P = 0.003). Similar endocardial and epicardial substrate characteristics were observed between the two groups. However, patients with J waves had longer epicardial total activation time than those without (224.7 ± 29.9 vs. 200.8 ± 21.9 ms, P = 0.005). Concordance of latest endo/epicardial activation sites was observed in 29 (90.6%) patients without J waves and in none among those with J waves (P < 0.001). Complete elimination of endocardial/epicardial abnormal potentials resulted in the disappearance of the J wave in 8 of 13 (61.5%) patients. The VT/VF recurrences were not different between ARVC patients with and without J waves. CONCLUSION: The presence of J waves was associated with the discordance of endocardial/epicardial activation pattern in terms of transmural depolarization discrepancy in patients with ARVC.
- Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy
- Epicardial approach
- J wave
- Ventricular arrhythmia