Clar Covers of Overlapping Benzenoids: Case of Two Identically-Oriented Parallelograms

Henryk Arnold Witek*, Johanna Langner

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

We present a complete set of closed-form formulas for the ZZ polynomials of five classes of composite Kekulean benzenoids that can be obtained by overlapping two parallelograms: generalized ribbons Rb, parallelograms M, vertically overlapping parallelograms MvM, horizontally overlapping parallelograms MhM, and intersecting parallelograms MxM. All formulas have the form of multiple sums over binomial coefficients. Three of the formulas are given with a proof based on the interface theory of benzenoids, while the remaining two formulas are presented as conjectures verified via extensive numerical tests. Both of the conjectured formulas have the form of a 2x2 determinant bearing close structural resemblance to analogous formulas for the number of Kekule structures derived from the John-Sachs theory of Kekule structures.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1599
Number of pages20
JournalSymmetry-Basel
Volume12
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2020

Keywords

  • enumeration of Clar covers
  • ZZ polynomials
  • Clar covering polynomials
  • parallelogram-shaped benzenoids
  • ZHANG-ZHANG POLYNOMIALS
  • POLYCYCLIC AROMATIC-HYDROCARBONS
  • SINGLE ZIGZAG CHAINS
  • CLOSED-FORM FORMULAS
  • HEXAGONAL SYSTEMS
  • INTERFACE THEORY
  • ALGORITHM
  • KEKULE
  • ZZDECOMPOSER
  • EQUIVALENCE

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