Chronic indomethacin treatment enhances the portal-systemic collateral vascular response to vasopressin in bile-duct ligated rats

Hui Chun Huang, Sun Sang Wang, Ching Chih Chang, Fa Yauh Lee*, Full Young Chang, Han Chieh Lin, Ming Chih Hou, Rei Hwa Lu, Shou Dong Lee

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Liver cirrhosis is often accompanied by portal-systemic collateral formation with hemorrhage and encephalopathy. Prostacyclin participates in hyperdynamic circulation and vascular hyporeactiveness to vasoconstrictors in cirrhosis. It has been shown that arginine vasopressin (AVP) induces direct collateral vasoconstriction in portal hypertensive rats, which is potentiated by indomethacin preincubation. However, the influence of chronic indomethacin administration in cirrhosis remains unexplored. Methods: This study was performed on male Sprague-Dawley rats with liver cirrhosis induced by common bile duct ligation. They received subcutaneous indomethacin (5 mg/kg/day) or distilled water (control) injection from the 36th to 42nd day after operation. On the 43rd day, systemic and portal hemodynamics were evaluated and the following experiments were performed with an in situ collateral perfusion model: in the first series, concentration-response curves to AVP (10-10-10-7 M) were obtained; in the second series, flow-pressure curves were plotted (Krebs solution, 6-18 mL/min), where the slope represents an index of collateral vascular resistance (the higher the resistance, the smaller the amount of shunting vessels, that is, the lower the degree of shunting). Results: The mean arterial pressure and portal pressure were similar between indomethacin and control groups (p > 0.05). Indomethacin elevated the collateral perfusion pressure to AVP (3 × 10-9, 10-8 M, p < 0.05) but did not influence the slope of the flow-pressure curve (p > 0.05). Conclusion: In bile duct-ligated cirrhotic rats, indomethacin improves the portal-systemic collateral vascular responsiveness to AVP without alleviating the severity of shunting.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)521-526
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the Chinese Medical Association
Volume70
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2007

Keywords

  • Indomethacin
  • Liver cirrhosis
  • Portal-systemic collaterals
  • Vasopressin

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