Chronic cyclooxygenase blockade enhances the vasopressin responsiveness in collaterals of portal hypertensive rats

Hui Chun Huang, Sun Sang Wang, Yi Chou Chen, Fa Yauh Lee*, Full Young Chang, Han Chieh Lin, Ming Chih Hou, Ching Chih Chang, Shou Dong Lee

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective. Collateral vascular responsiveness to vasoconstrictors may be crucial in the management of acute variceal bleeding. In an in situ perfusion model, arginine vasopressin (AVP) has been shown to cause a direct vasoconstrictive effect on portal-systemic collaterals and this effect is enhanced by preincubation of indomethacin (INDO). The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of chronic INDO administration on the portal-systemic collateral responsiveness to AVP and the degree of portal-systemic shunting in portal hypertensive rats. Material and methods. Rats with partial portal vein ligation randomly received daily subcutaneous injections with INDO (5 mg/kg) or distilled water (control group) 2 days prior to until 7 days after ligation. Systemic and portal hemodynamics was evaluated on the 8th day. Using an in situ collateral perfusion model, AVP (10-10-10-7 M) at a constant flow rate (20 ml/min) was applied. In another series, Krebs solution with different flow rates (5-30 ml/min) was used to obtain flow-pressure curves: the slopes represent collateral vascular resistances - the higher resistances indicate fewer collaterals. Results. Mean arterial pressure and portal pressure were not significantly different between the INDO-treated group and the control group (p >0.05). In the first series of experiments, INDO treatment increased the collateral perfusion pressure to AVP at 10-8 M, 3 × 10-8 M, and 10-7 M (p <0.05). In the second series, INDO did not change collateral vascular resistance, which suggests that the degree of shunting was not altered. Conclusions. Chronic INDO treatment improves the collateral vascular responsiveness to AVP without ameliorating portal-systemic shunting in portal hypertensive rats.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1440-1445
Number of pages6
JournalScandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
Volume41
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2006

Keywords

  • Collateral vascular response
  • Indomethacin
  • Portal hypertension
  • Portal-systemic shunting
  • Vasopressin

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