Chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy in newly diagnosed breast cancer survivors treated with taxane: a prospective longitudinal study

Ya Jung Wang*, Ya Ning Chan, You Wun Jheng, Chih Jung Wu, Ming Wei Lin, Ling Ming Tseng, Yi Fang Tsai, Liang Chih Liu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: This study aimed to prospectively explore severity and prevalence of chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN) and examine the correlation between clinician-assessed (objective) and patient-reported (subjective) CIPN in breast cancer survivors receiving taxane. Methods: This was a prospective, longitudinal study. Purposive sampling was adapted to enroll women newly diagnosed with breast cancer and about to receive taxane. The CIPN was assessed after breast cancer diagnosed and before chemotherapy (T1), before cycle 1 to 4 taxane infusion (T2 to T5), and after chemotherapy completion (T6 to T8). Total Neuropathy Score–clinical version (TNSc), Identification Pain Questionnaire (ID pain), Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy–Taxane subscale (FACT-Tax), and Peripheral Neuropathy Scale (PNS) were utilized for measuring CIPN. Descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation coefficient, and generalized estimating equation were used to analyze data. Results: A total of 88 participants were included. Both clinician-assessed and patient-reported CIPN gradually increased between T1 and T6 and mildly decreased at T7 and T8. Fifty-five participants (62.5%) experienced CIPN at T8. Weak-to-moderate correlations between subjective and objective CIPN were found at T6 to T8 (r = 0.272–0.533, p < 0.05). The change of TNSc, FACT-Tax, and PNS were significant over time. However, the significant change of neuropathic pain was only found at T6. Conclusion: The change of CIPN prevalence and severity were significant over time in survivors newly diagnosed with breast cancer. Specifically, the severest and highest CIPN was detected at chemotherapy completion. Survivors remained suffering from CIPN 3 months after chemotherapy completion. Besides, mild to moderate correlations between clinician-assessed and patient-reported CIPN were identified.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2959-2971
Number of pages13
JournalSupportive Care in Cancer
Volume29
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2021

Keywords

  • Breast cancer survivors
  • Chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy
  • Clinician-assessed CIPN
  • Neuropathic pain
  • Patient-reported CIPN
  • Taxane

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