Characterization of sputtered Ta-Ru thin films for ink-jet heater applications

D. S. Wuu*, C. C. Chan, Ray-Hua Horng

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


This paper discusses several structural, electrical and oxidation characteristics of co-sputtered Ta-Ru alloy films on oxidized Si substrates. From X-ray examination, the Ta1Ru1 phase has formed and dominates in the compositions exceeding 54 at.% Ru content. The resistivity of the Ta-Ru thin films can reach a maximum of approximately 320 μΩ-cm in the composition range between 35 and 54 at.% Ru. After thermal treatment in air (600 °C, 1 h), Ru-rich samples show a lesser increase in resistivity than Ta-rich ones. The observed preferential oxidation of Ta in the Ta-Ru samples can be further interpreted by thermodynamic calculations. The Ta-rich surface oxide is believed to be responsible for the passivating ability of the Ru atom towards oxidation at high temperatures. This results in the Ru of the metallic state although the oxidation of Ta occurs. Finally, the Ta-Ru thin films without any additional passivation were fabricated in heater arrays to perform the ink-jet lifetime test. A lifetime over 1×107 driving pulses can be achieved, which indicates Ta-Ru has high potential in thermal ink-jet applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)84-88
Number of pages5
JournalThin Solid Films
Issue number1-2
StatePublished - 3 Sep 2000


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