Characterization of clastic rock using a biconcave bond model of DEM

C. C. Chiu, Meng-Chia Weng*, T. H. Huang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


This paper presents a biconcave bond model to investigate the effect of the cementation between grains on the mechanical behavior of rock. The proposed model considers the shape of the bonds among particles that have a biconcave cement form, based on observations of microscopic rock images. The general equations of the proposed model are based on Dvorkin theory. The accuracy and efficiency of the bond model is improved in three ways. After the biconcave bond model is implemented in the discrete element method software Particle Flow Code in 2 Dimensions, a series of numerical uniaxial compression tests were performed to investigate the relationships between the micro- to macro-parameters. The simulations revealed that the biconcave bond model reflects the effect of micro-parameters, such as the elastic modulus and Poisson's ratio of the cement, on the macroscopic deformation of cemented granular material. Variations in the bond geometry caused extremely diverse macro-mechanical behaviors. Experimental results concerning rock demonstrate that the biconcave bond model accurately captures the mechanical behavior of intact rock and supports an innovative method for investigating the relationships between the micro- and macro-parameters of cemented granular material.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)422-441
Number of pages20
JournalInternational Journal for Numerical and Analytical Methods in Geomechanics
Issue number3
StatePublished - 25 Feb 2017


  • Bond
  • cementation
  • discrete element method (DEM)
  • granular material
  • rock


Dive into the research topics of 'Characterization of clastic rock using a biconcave bond model of DEM'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this