Characteristic evolution from rectifier schottky diode to resistive-switching memory with al-doped zinc tin oxide film

Yang Shun Fan, Po-Tsun Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


We demonstrate a metal sandwiched Al-doped zinc tin oxide (AZTO) thin-film device to exhibit a characteristic evolution process from Schottky junction diode to resistive-switching random access memory (RRAM) applications. The proposed TiN/Ti/AZTO/Pt device can initially show good rectifying characteristics and high forward-bias current for Schottky diodes. After applying with an electrically triggered forming process, the transition of electrical behavior occurs and evolves from the diode to RRAM characteristics. The RRAM device exhibits the coexistence of bipolar and unipolar resistive-switching modes through the positive-bias forming and reversed-bias forming process, respectively. In addition, the RRAM device with bipolar mode can perform the functionality of multilevel cell storage, while the one with unipolar mode shows stable resistive-switching performance. Furthermore, one-transistor and one-resistor (1T1R) architecture with an RRAM cell connected with a thin-film transistor (TFT) device is developed in this paper. The TFT device using AZTO film as an active channel layer performs good electrical characteristics for a driver in the 1T1R operation scheme. The integration of AZTO-based electronic devices has great potential for increasing the application diversity of metal oxide AZTO thin film as well as the flexibility of circuit design in the emerging optoelectronic technologies.

Original languageEnglish
Article number6747303
Pages (from-to)1071-1076
Number of pages6
JournalIEEE Transactions on Electron Devices
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2014


  • Al-doped zinc tin oxide (AZTO)
  • One transistor and one resistor (1T1R)
  • Resistive-switching random access memory (RRAM)
  • Schottky junction diode
  • Thin-film transistor (TFT)


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