Cardiomyopathy correlates to nerve damage in p.A117S late-onset transthyretin amyloid polyneuropathy

Yen Hung Lin, Hsueh Wen Hsueh, Mao Yuan Su, Mei Fang Cheng, Ming Chang Chiang, Jyh Ming Jimmy Juang, Yi Hui Kao, Kai Chieh Chang, Fang Ping Feng, Sung Tsang Hsieh*, Chi Chao Chao

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Objective: Late-onset hereditary transthyretin amyloidosis with polyneuropathy (ATTRv-PN) is often associated with heart involvement. Recent advances in cardiac imaging allow the detection of cardiac amyloidosis. This study aimed to explore cardiomyopathy by cardiac imaging and its clinical correlates with polyneuropathy in late-onset ATTRv-PN. Methods: Polyneuropathy was assessed by intraepidermal nerve fiber (IENF) density, nerve conduction study (NCS), autonomic function tests, quantitative sensory testing, and clinical questionnaires. Cardiomyopathy was evaluated by echocardiography, 99mTc-pyrophosphate (PYP) single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) imaging, cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR), and serum Pro-B-type natriuretic peptide. Healthy controls and patients with Brugada syndrome were enrolled for comparison of CMR. Results: Fifty late-onset ATTRv-PN patients (38 men, 46 with p. A117S mutation), aged 63.7 ± 5.5 years, of polyneuropathy disability stage 1–4 were enrolled. All patients presented polyneuropathy in NCS, and 74.5% of patients had reduced IENF density in distal legs. All patients showed significant radiotracer uptake in the heart on 99mTc-PYP SPECT imaging, and 87.8% of patients had abnormally increased left ventricular (LV) septum thickness on echocardiography. CMR showed longer myocardial native T1, larger extracellular volume, greater LV mass index, and higher LV mass to end-diastolic volume ratio in ATTRv-PN patients than healthy controls and patients with Brugada syndrome. These CMR parameters were associated with skin denervation, absent sympathetic skin responses, elevated thermal thresholds, worsened NCS profiles, and functional deficits of polyneuropathy. Interpretation: Late-onset ATTRv-PN coexisted with cardiomyopathy regardless of the clinical severity of polyneuropathy. The cardiac amyloid burden revealed by CMR was correlated with pathophysiology and clinical disability of nerve degeneration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1359-1369
Number of pages11
JournalAnnals of Clinical and Translational Neurology
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 2022


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