Cardia Gastric Cancer Is Associated With Increased PIK3CA Amplifications and HER2 Expression Than Noncardia Gastric Cancer According to Lauren Classification

Shih Min Pai, Kuo Hung Huang, Ming Huang Chen, Wen Liang Fang*, Yee Chao, Su Shun Lo, Anna Fen Yau Li, Chew Wun Wu, Yi Ming Shyr

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: To date, few reports have investigated genetic alterations and clinicopathological features in cardia and noncardia gastric cancer (GC). Methods: In total, 435 GC patients receiving curative surgery were included. The clinicopathological features, recurrence patterns, prognoses and genetic alterations were compared between cardia and noncardia GC patients. Results: Among the 435 enrolled patients, 47 (10.8%) had cardia GC. Compared with noncardia GC, cardia GC was associated with more intestinal-type tumors and similar initial recurrence patterns and 5-year overall survival (OS; 50.8% vs. 50.5%, P = 0.480) and disease-free survival (DFS; 48.6% vs. 48.9%, P = 0.392) rates. For both intestinal-type GC and diffuse-type GC, the clinicopathological features and 5-year OS and DFS rates were not significantly different between the cardia and noncardia GC patients. Multivariable analysis showed that cardia GC was not an independent prognostic factor. Compared with noncardia GC, cardia GC was associated with increased PIK3CA amplification than in patients with intestinal-type GC and was associated with increased HER2 expression in patients with diffuse-type GC. Conclusions: Cardia GC is not an independent prognostic factor. In cardia GC patients with intestinal-type GC, PIK3CA amplification was more common, and in those with diffuse-type GC, HER2 expression was more common. Targeted therapy may be beneficial for these patient subgroups.

Original languageEnglish
Article number632609
JournalFrontiers in Oncology
Volume11
DOIs
StatePublished - 8 Jun 2021

Keywords

  • cardia
  • gastric cancer
  • genetic alteration
  • HER2 expression
  • noncardia
  • PIK3CA amplification

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