C5L2 is required for C5a-triggered receptor internalization and ERK signaling

Wei Chan Hsu, Fu Chen Yang, Chi Hung Lin, Shie Liang Hsieh, Nien Jung Chen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations

Abstract

C5L2 is a receptor that binds to C5a and belongs to the family of G protein-coupled receptors, but its role in physiological C5a-mediated responses remains under debate. Here we show that, like the canonical C5a receptor C5aR, C5L2 plays a pro-inflammatory role in a murine model of acute experimental colitis. We demonstrate that C5L2 physically interacts with C5aR and is required for optimal C5a-mediated C5aR internalization and associated ERK activation. Abrogation of C5a-induced receptor internalization by treatment with the dynamin inhibitor dynasoreTM impaired C5a-induced MEK and ERK signaling. Although the presence of C5aR alone was sufficient to recruit the scaffold protein β-arrestin1 to the cell membrane in response to C5a stimulation, it was inadequate to mediate AP2 recruitment and subsequent C5aR internalization. Expression of C5L2 allowed normal internalization of C5aR in response to C5a stimulation, followed by normal ERK signaling. Thus, our work reveals an essential role for C5L2 in C5a-triggered, AP2-dependent C5aR internalization and downstream ERK signaling.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1409-1419
Number of pages11
JournalCellular Signalling
Volume26
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2014

Keywords

  • Adaptin 2
  • C5L2
  • C5aR
  • Endocytosis-dependent signaling
  • Inflammatory bowel disease

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