Better endovascular mechanical thrombectomy outcome in atrial fibrillation patients with acute ischemic stroke: A single-center experience

Chun Jen Lin, Chao Bao Luo, Chun Chien, Feng Chi Chang, Chung Jung Lin, I. Hui Lee, Li Chi Hsu, Chih Ping Chung, Hung Yu Liu, Nai Fang Chi, Chorng Kuang How, Shuu Jiun Wang, Wan Yuo Guo, Yung Yang Lin*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Endovascular thrombectomy (EVT) has become the standard treatment for acute ischemic stroke with large vessel occlusion. Atrial fibrillation (AF) is one of the major causes. However, the impact of AF on the treatment has not yet been clearly discussed. This study is to evaluate the influence of AF on the outcomes of EVT in patients with acute ischemic stroke. Methods: Data from our Stroke Registry Database from April 2015 to July 2018 were reviewed. Technical efficacy, functional, and safety outcomes were reported and compared between patients with and without AF. A multivariate logistic regression model was performed to identify the predictors of the good functional outcome. Results: We reviewed 83 eligible patients receiving EVT. Patients (51.8%) were eventually found to have AF. The substantial reperfusion rate (modified thrombolysis in cerebral infarction 2b-3) was 72.1% and 55.0% in patients with and without AF, respectively, inclusive of a learning curve (p = 0.12). The good functional outcome (90-day modified Rankin scale: 0 to 2) rate was 55.8% and 17.5% in patients with and without AF, respectively (p < 0.01). A multivariable logistic regression analysis showed that age <70 years, the substantial reperfusion, and the presence of AF were three significant predictors for a good functional outcome. Conclusion: Our study showed that patients with AF responded significantly better to EVT than those without AF did. Intracranial atherosclerotic diseases in patients without AF which were especially refractory to EVT may contribute to the difference of the functional outcomes between the two groups.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)756-760
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of the Chinese Medical Association
Volume83
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2020

Keywords

  • Atrial fibrillation
  • Stroke
  • Thrombectomy

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Better endovascular mechanical thrombectomy outcome in atrial fibrillation patients with acute ischemic stroke: A single-center experience'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this