Because I'm Restricted, 2 - 4 PM Unable to See Messages: Exploring Users' Perceptions and Likely Practices around Exposing Attention Management Use on IM Online Status

Yu Ling Chou, Yu Ling Chien, Yu Hsin Lin, Kung Pai Lin, Faye Shih, Yung Ju Chang*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

Attention-management tools can restrict online communication, but may cause collateral damage to their users' fulfillment of communication expectations. This paper explores the idea of integrating attention management into instant messaging (IM), by 1) disclosing restriction status via an online status indicator (OSI) to manage contacts' expectations, and 2) imposing communication limits to reduce communication distraction. We used a speed-dating design method to allow 43 participants to rapidly compare 48 types of OSI restriction in various conversational contexts. We identified two "tug-of-wars"that take place when attention management is integrated into IM apps: one between fulfilling one's contacts' expectations and protecting one's own attention, and the other, between protecting one's privacy and asserting the justifiability of using communication restrictions. We also highlighted the participants' desire to be diplomatic for sustaining their positive images and maintaining relational connectedness. Finally, we provide design recommendations for integrating attention management into IM apps.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCHI 2022 - Proceedings of the 2022 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems
PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery
ISBN (Electronic)9781450391573
DOIs
StatePublished - 29 Apr 2022
Event2022 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, CHI 2022 - Virtual, Online, United States
Duration: 30 Apr 20225 May 2022

Publication series

NameConference on Human Factors in Computing Systems - Proceedings

Conference

Conference2022 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, CHI 2022
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityVirtual, Online
Period30/04/225/05/22

Keywords

  • Attention management
  • availability
  • design research
  • instant messaging
  • online status indicator
  • response expectation
  • restriction

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