Aurora-A overexpression in mouse liver causes p53-dependent premitotic arrest during liver regeneration

Chao Chin Li, Hui Yi Chu, Chu Wen Yang, Chen Kung Chou, Ting Fen Tsai*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Scopus citations

Abstract

Aurora-A, a serine-threonine kinase, is frequently overexpressed in human cancers, including hepatocellular carcinoma. To study the phenotypic effects of Aurora-A overexpression on liver regeneration and tumorigenesis, we generated transgenic mice overexpressing human Aurora-A in the liver. The overexpression of Aurora-A after hepatectomy caused an earlier entry into S phase, a sustaining of DNA synthesis, and premitotic arrest in the regenerating liver. These regenerating transgenic livers show a relative increase in binuclear hepatocytes compared with regenerating wild-type livers; in addition, multipolar segregation and trinucleation could be observed only in the transgenic hepatocytes after hepatectomy. These results together suggest that defects accumulated after first round of the hepatocyte cell cycle and that there was a failure to some degree of cytokinesis. Interestingly, the p53-dependent checkpoint was activated by these abnormalities, indicating that p53 plays a crucial role during liver regeneration. Indeed, the premitotic arrest and abnormal cell death, mainly necrosis, caused by Aurora-A overexpression were genetically rescued by p53 knockout. However, trinucleation of hepatocytes remained in the regenerating livers of the transgenic mice with a p53 knockout background, indicating that the abnormal mitotic segregation and cytokinesis failure were p53 independent. Moreover, overexpression of Aurora-A in transgenic liver led to a low incidence (3.8%) of hepatic tumor formation after a long latency period. This transgenic mouse model provides a useful system that allows the study of the physiologic effects of Aurora-A on liver regeneration and the genetic pathways of Aurora-A-mediated tumorigenesis in liver.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)678-688
Number of pages11
JournalMolecular Cancer Research
Volume7
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2009

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