Introduction: Panel reactive antibodies (PRA) to class I and II HLA molecules have been associated with acute kidney graft rejection, but their role in small bowel transplantation has not been characterized. Methods: Since 1994, 324 SBT, alone or as multivisceral transplantation (MVT), have been performed in 286 patients. Routine and surveillance biopsies were performed to rule out or confirm acute rejection (AR), and PRA quantification was performed at varying intervals. We obtained data from 110 patients and 651 PRA measurements. While AR grade (mild to severe, grades 13) was determined by histopathological analysis, the status of no AR was determined also by clinical data. When biopsy samples or PRA measurements were frequent around an AR episode within periods of 7 days, the highest value was used. Results: A comparison could be made between 259 instances in which there was a PRA measurement and simultaneous rejection evaluation. Positive PRA showed association with AR (P < 0.001). The positive and negative predictive values were 44% and 79%, respectively. No correlation was found in the severity of rejection. Conclusion: The presence of increased levels of PRA is a risk factor of rejection in small bowel transplantation. Alloantibody-mediated injury to the graft contributes frequently to acute rejection of small bowel, and it is associated with cell-mediated immunity in variable proportion.
|Number of pages||3|
|State||Published - Dec 2010|