Association analysis of the dopamine D3 receptor gene ser9gly and brain-derived neurotrophic factor gene val66met polymorphisms with antipsychotic-induced persistent tardive dyskinesia and clinical expression in Chinese schizophrenic patients

Ying Jay Liou, Ding Lieh Liao, Jen Yeu Chen, Ying Chieh Wang, Chao Cheng Lin, Ya Mei Bai, Shun Chieh Yu, Ming Wei Lin, I. Ching Lai*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

63 Scopus citations

Abstract

The association between the dopamine D3 receptor (DRD3) ser9gly genetic polymorphism and tardive dyskinesia (TD), a serious adverse motor disorder after long-term antipsychotic treatment, has been studied extensively in recent years. However, the existence of inconsistent reports makes the role of the DRD3 ser9gly polymorphism in TD development questionable. In rodent studies, the DRD3 expression could be controlled by the brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), a member of the neurotrophin family. In this study, we examined the association between the DRD3 ser9gly and BDNF val66met genetic polymorphisms and TD occurrence in 216 schizophrenic patients (TD/non-TD = 102/114). In addition, we also studied the effects of the DRD3 ser9gly and BDNF val66met genotypes and their gene-gene interaction on the clinical expression of TD in these TD patients. We found that the TD patients who were heterozygous for the BDNF genotypes had significantly higher abnormal involuntary movement scale (AIMS) orofacial scores (corrected p = 0.021, Bonferroni correction), and a trend of higher AIMS total and limb-trunk scores than the combined homozygous analogs. The correlation between the DRD3 ser9gly genotypes and its interaction with the BDNF val66met polymorphism, and the three classes of AIMS scores were not statistically significant. Furthermore, neither the DRD3 nor the BDNF genotypes and alleles were demonstrated to be associated with TD occurrence. We concluded that the BDNF val66met genetic polymorphism may exert its effect on the clinically phenotypic variability after TD has occurred. Further replication studies with larger sample size and stringent definition for TD is necessary.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)243-251
Number of pages9
JournalNeuroMolecular Medicine
Volume5
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2004

Keywords

  • Association study
  • BDNF
  • DRD3
  • Polymorphism
  • Tardive dyskinesia

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