Assessment of cardiovascular dynamics by pressure-area relations in pediatric patients with congenital heart disease

Hideaki Senzaki*, Chen Huan Chen, Satoshi Masutani, Mio Taketazu, Jun Kobayashi, Toshiki Kobayashi, Nozomu Sasaki, Haruhiko Asano, Shunei Kyo, Yuji Yokote

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Scopus citations


Objectives: It is particularly useful to separately quantify the ventricular contractility and loading conditions for a better understanding of the cardiovascular dynamics in congenital heart disease, where abnormalities in chamber and loading properties may coexist. Furthermore, ventricular contractility and loading conditions may alter independently or simultaneously with disease progression and therapeutic intervention. The objectives of the present study were (1) to test whether ventricular pressure-area analysis can provide such quantitation among patients with various forms of congenital heart disease, (2) to reveal basal cardiovascular interaction in congenital heart disease by means of pressure-area analysis, and (3) to test the feasibility of this method in a simplified and less invasive form to further enhance its clinical value. Methods: We constructed pressure-area loops during caval occlusion by using transthoracic echocardiographic automated border detection combined with ventricular pressure recordings in 59 pediatric patients with congenital heart disease and in 7 normal control subjects. Results: Area measurements obtained by automated border detection were highly reproducible, and area changes reflected volume changes. The pressure-area data provided load-independent measures of contractility, which were consistently increased by use of dobutamine (P < .05). End-systolic and arterial elastance individually quantified simultaneous changes in ventricular contractility and loading with milrinone infusion and predicted net cardiac performance. The pressure-area analysis better characterized the ventricular contractile states under a variety of loading conditions in congenital heart disease, whereas predominant load dependence of conventional indices confounded them. Furthermore, pressure-area relations were reasonably estimated from a single beat and from aortic pressure data during abdominal compression. Conclusions: Pressure-area analysis should provide a useful modality with which to assess cardiovascular dynamics in pediatric patients with congenital heart disease in more detail and should thus help improve the management of patients with this disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)535-547
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2001


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