Arthroscopic realignment and osteosynthesis of unstable scaphoid nonunion with cancellous bone graft from the ipsilateral radius

Wei Hsiung, Hui Kuang Huang, Jung Pan Wang, Ming Chau Chang, Yi Chao Huang*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


Purpose: The treatment of delayed union and established nonunion of the scaphoid using a volar approach with impaction of bone graft, either a cancellous or cortico-cancellous wedge graft, for osteosynthesis and maintenance of reduction. With the advancement of instruments and techniques of wrist arthroscopy, wider indications for wrist problems can be solved by this minimally invasive technique. We report our results of arthroscopic reduction, cancellous bone grafting to the regional distal radius, and headless screw fixation for the treatment of scaphoid nonunion, even with humpback deformity. Methods: Between August 2014 and February 2018, 41 patients (42 wrists) with unstable scaphoid nonunion received arthroscopic surgery. The mean follow-up was 38.1 months (range 24–70 months). We evaluated the results with a function questionnaire and clinical outcomes based on the visual analog scale (VAS) pain score, range of motion and grip strength, and radiologic measurements. Results: The union rate was 92.6% (38/41 patients) and union time was 4.6 months. Patients regained almost a full range of motion compared with the contralateral wrist. The post-op Quick DASH, Mayo wrist score, and VAS pain score all had significant improvement, with p < 0.05. The scapholunate angle showed significant correction from pre-op 68.0° to post-op 58.3°. The average VAS satisfaction score at final follow-up was 8.7. Conclusion: Arthroscopic realignment and osteosynthesis for the treatment of unstable scaphoid nonunion with ipsilateral radius bone graft, even with humpback deformity, can achieve a high union rate, good radiological correction, and good functional recovery.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)191-197
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Orthopaedics
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2021


  • Arthroscopic
  • Cancellous
  • Nonunion
  • Scaphoid
  • Unstable


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