This paper presents a new RC-based power-rail electrostatic discharge (ESD) clamp circuit, which achieves ultra-low leakage current while maintaining low silicon utilization. A capacitance- boosting technique is used in conjunction with mathematical analysis of area utilization to determine the best set of parameters to achieve the smallest implementation area in silicon. The proposed power-rail ESD clamp circuit has been verified in a 65-nm general-purpose CMOS process, which achieves an ultra-low standby leakage current of 80 nA at 25 7deg;C under 1-V bias, as well as ESD robustness of a 4-kV human body model and a 250-Vmachine model with a silicon area of only 45 μm × 17 μm.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||IEEE Transactions on Device and Materials Reliability|
|State||Published - 1 Jan 2015|
- Electrostatic discharge (ESD)
- ESD protection
- Power rail