Antiproliferative effects of N-heterocyclic indolyl glyoxylamide derivatives on human lung cancer cells

Tien Heng Huang, Shu Jun Chiu, Pei Hsiuang Chiang, Shih Hwa Chiou, Wen Tai Li, Chiung Tong Chen, C. Allen Chang, Jyh Cheng Chen, Yi Jang Lee*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


Background: N-Heterocyclic indolyl glyoxylamide compounds are derived from the antimicrotubule agent D-24851, which exhibits anticancer activity after oral administration. The actions of these compounds on lung cancer cells are still unknown. Here, we investigated the effects of two N-heterocyclic indolyl glyoxylamides, BPR0C259 and BPR0C123, on non-small human lung cancer cells. Materials and Methods: 3-[4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl]2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay was used to determine the half maximal inhibitory concentration (IC 50), cell viability and radiation response of A549 cells and H1299 cells. Apoptosis was determined by sub-G 1 ratio, colony formation assay and caspase-3 activation. Cell cycle distribution was detected using flow cytometry. Results: Both compounds were able to inhibit the viability of human lung cancer cells, although the IC 50 of BPR0C123 was lower than that of BPR0C259. Both compounds induced significant sub-G1 and caspase-3 activation as low as 0.1 μM in both cell lines. These effects were independent of p53 activation because the level of serine-15 phosphorylated p53 was not affected after drug treatment. Furthermore, both compounds induced similar levels of G 2/M phase arrest and radiosensitivity in these lung cancer cells. Conclusion: Current data suggest that N-heterocyclic indolyl glyoxylamides can suppress the proliferation of and potentially increase radiosensitivity of human lung cancer cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3407-3415
Number of pages9
JournalAnticancer Research
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 2011


  • G /m phase arrest
  • Human lung cancer cells
  • N-heterocyclic indolyl glyoxylamides
  • p53-independent apoptosis
  • Radiosensitivity


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