Analysis on motion of Earth's center of mass observed with CHAMP mission

Jinyun Guo*, Yanben Han, Chein-way Hwang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


Geocenter motion (GCM) is one important topic for constructing and maintaining the terrestrial reference frame and its applications. GCM is studied from CHAMP with the multi-step approach in this paper. Geometric orbits of CHAMP in 2001-2006 are precisely determined with the kinematic method only from the satellite-borne GPS zero-difference data. Then a GCM time series is estimated from the precise kinematic orbits based on the theory of satellite dynamics to fit the CHAMP's real geometric orbits. We compare the series with the geocenter series used in ITRF2005. Then the GCM series are analyzed with Fourier transform and wavelet transformation. The mean motions within 6 years in TX, TY and TZ directions are respectively 0.8 mm, 2.2 mm, and 7.9 mm. The trends of GCM in the three directions are 0.495 mm/a, -0.004 mm/a, and 1.309 mm/a, respectively. The long-term movement (2001-2006) indicates that the crustal figure is changing. The seasonal variations are the main component which may be excitated by the mass redistribution of Earth's fluid layer, e.g. ocean, atmosphere and continental water. The inter-annual variations are also found in the GCM series measured with CHAMP.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1597-1606
Number of pages10
JournalScience in China, Series G: Physics, Mechanics and Astronomy
Issue number10
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2008


  • Geocenter motion
  • Power spectral analysis
  • Wavelet transformation


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