Autonomic system plays a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF). Skin sympathetic nerve activity (SKNA) is a noninvasive tool for assessing sympathetic tone. However, data on changes in SKNA after ablation are limited. Here, we retrospectively enrolled 37 patients with symptomatic drug-refractory paroxysmal AF who underwent pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) with radiofrequency ablation (RFA) or cryoablation (CBA). SKNA was measured from the chest and right arm 1 day prior to ablation, as well as 1 day and 3 months after ablation. One day after ablation, the SKNA-Arm increased from 517.1 µV (first and third quartiles, 396.0 and 728.0, respectively) to 1226.2 µV (first and third quartiles, 555.2 and 2281.0), with an increase of 179.8% (125% and 376.0%) (p < 0.001); the SKNA-Chest increased from 538.2 µV (first and third quartiles, 432.9 and 663.9) to 640.0 µV (first and third quartiles, 474.2 and 925.6), with an increase of 108.3% (95.6% and 167.9%) (p = 0.004), respectively. In those without recurrence, there was a significant increase in SKNA 1 day after ablation as compared with those before ablation. Twelve patients received SKNA measurement 3 months after ablation; both SKNA-Arm (p = 0.31) and SKNA-Chest (p = 0.27) were similar to those before ablation, respectively. Among patients with symptomatic drug-refractory paroxysmal AF receiving PVI, increased SKNA was observed 1 day after ablation and returned to the baseline 3 months after ablation. Elevation of SKNA was associated with lower early and late recurrences following ablation.
|Journal||Journal of Personalized Medicine|
|State||Published - Aug 2022|
- atrial fibrillation
- autonomic system
- pulmonary vein isolation
- skin sympathetic nerve activity