BACKGROUND: Longitudinal adverse outcomes are unclear among adults with diabetes according to the age of onset. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the longitudinal diabetes-related outcomes in adults with new-onset diabetes stratified by age. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database claims data from 2000 to 2015. SUBJECTS: In total, 115,751 participants aged ≥40 years with new-onset diabetes in 2003 were recruited and stratified by the ages 40-64 (64.3%), 65-74 (21.2%), 75-84 (11.8%) and ≥85 years (2.7%) at the time of diagnosis. METHODS: Time-varying multivariate Cox proportional hazards model adjusted for covariates was used to examine the associations between the ages of the patients at diabetes onset and the outcomes of interest [all-cause mortality, cardiovascular (CV) mortality, major cardiovascular events (MACE) and hypoglycaemia] during a 10-year follow-up period. RESULTS: The results showed that compared with those patients aged 40-64 at diagnosis, patients with older-onset diabetes had significantly higher comorbidities (P < 0.01) and a higher diabetes severity (P < 0.01). Patients with older-onset diabetes had a higher risk of all-cause mortality [adjusted hazard ratio (aHR) 2.28, 4.48 and 10.07 in 65-74, 75-84 and ≥85 years old, respectively], CV mortality (aHR = 2.82, 6.06 and 15.91), MACE (aHR = 2.19, 3.01 and 4.15) and hypoglycaemia (aHR = 2.41, 3.59 and 4.62) than patients aged 40-64 during a 10-year follow-up period. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with diabetes onset at an older age was associated with increased risks of all-cause mortality, CV mortality, MACE and hypoglycaemia after adjusting for the severity of diabetes and anti-diabetic treatment.
- National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD)
- older age
- older people