Agreement Between Invasive Wire-Based and Angiography-Based Vessel Fractional Flow Reserve Assessment on Intermediate Coronary Stenoses

Chun Chin Chang, Yin Hao Lee, Ming Ju Chuang, Chien Hung Hsueh, Ya Wen Lu, Yi Lin Tsai, Ruey Hsing Chou, Cheng Hsueh Wu, Tse Min Lu, Po Hsun Huang*, Shing Jong Lin*, Robert Jan van Geuns

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Background: Angiography-based functional assessment of coronary stenoses emerges as a novel approach to assess coronary physiology. We sought to investigate the agreement between invasive coronary wire-based fractional flow reserve (FFR), resting full-cycle ratio (RFR), and angiography-based vessel FFR (vFFR) for the functional assessment of coronary stenoses in patients with coronary artery disease. Materials and Methods: Between Jan 01, 2018, and Dec 31, 2020, 298 patients with 385 intermediate lesions received invasive coronary wire-based functional assessment (FFR, RFR or both) at a single tertiary medical center. Coronary lesions involving ostium or left main artery were excluded. vFFR analysis was performed retrospectively based on aortic root pressure and two angiographic projections. Results: In total, 236 patients with 291 lesions were eligible for vFFR analysis. FFR and RFR were performed in 258 and 162 lesions, respectively. The mean FFR, RFR and vFFR value were 0.84 ± 0.08, 0.90 ± 0.09, and 0.83 ± 0.10. vFFR was significantly correlated with FFR (r = 0.708, P < 0.001) and RFR (r = 0.673, P < 0.001). The diagnostic performance of vFFR vs. FFR was accuracy 81.8%, sensitivity 77.4%, specificity 83.9%, positive predictive value 69.9%, and negative predictive value 88.5%. The discriminative power of vFFR for FFR ≤ 0.80 or RFR ≤ 0.89 was excellent. Area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) was 0.87 (95% CI:0.83–0.92) for FFR and 0.80 (95% CI:0.73–0.88) for RFR. Conclusion: Angiography-based vFFR has a substantial agreement with invasive wire-based FFR and RFR in patients with intermediate coronary stenoses. vFFR can be utilized to assess coronary physiology without a pressure wire in a post hoc manner.

Original languageEnglish
Article number707454
JournalFrontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine
StatePublished - 2021


  • coronary artery disease
  • fractional flow reserve
  • percutaneous coronary intervention
  • resting full-cycle ratio
  • vessel fractional flow reserve


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