Wearable devices provide real-time and patient-powered data that enable the development of personalized health promotion and management programs. This study aimed to explore the clinical benefits of using the wearable device and to examine associated factors, utilization patterns on health status. 319 community-living adults aged 50-85 years were enrolled and clinically followed for 12 months. Participants were categorized into 3 groups based on the wearable device utilization patterns (active: >30 days of use, non-active: <3 days of use, usual: 3-30 days of use). 128 (40.1%) and 98(30.7%) were active and usual wearable device users, and no significant differences in the baseline demographic characteristics and functional status were noted across groups. Higher cognitive performance was significantly associated with the wearable device use (OR: 1.3,95%CI: 1.1-1.5, p=0.005). Multivariable linear regression showed that 0.16 m/s increase in walking speed among active users, which was significantly higher than non-active users (p=0.034). Compared to usual users, active users had higher average daily, weekday, and holiday step counts. The walking speed increased for 0.03 m/s when participants walked 1,000 more daily step counts (p=0.020). Active use of wearable devices substantially increased walking speed, which suggested better functional outcomes and survival benefits in the future.
- average steps
- community-dwelling older adults
- walking speed
- wearable device