Active acoustic scene monitoring through spectro-temporal modulation filtering for intruder detection

Kah Meng Cheong, Yih Liang Shen, Tai Shih Chi*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

An indoor acoustic scene monitoring system using a periodic impulse signal was previously developed. Compared with the impulse signal, the chirp signal is more robust against environmental noise due to its specific spectro-temporal structure. Such specific structure makes the chirp sound easily detected using a spectro-temporal modulation filtering mechanism. In this paper, we demonstrated a system that employs a two-dimensional spectro-temporal filtering mechanism on a Fourier spectrogram to measure the total energy of the reverberations of the chirp signal as the representation of the acoustic scene. The system compares the reverberation energy difference between consecutive chirps with a predefined threshold to automatically detect the change in the acoustic scene. Simulations were conducted in real living rooms with various types of background noise. Test results demonstrated that the proposed system is much more effective than previously developed systems for detecting the acoustic scene changes due to the intruder silently walking in the rooms. In the biggest test room (18 × 9.8 × 2.5 m3) with heavy background noise, the proposed system can still yield a correct identification rate higher than 80% to the intruder walking at 7 m from the microphone without producing any false alarms.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2444-2452
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the Acoustical Society of America
Volume151
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Apr 2022

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