Achieving Large Sum Rate and Good Fairness in MISO Broadcast Communication

Ji You Huang, Hsiao-Feng Lu*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


A tradeoff between sum rate and fairness for multiple-input single-output (MISO) broadcast communication employing dirty paper coding or zero-forcing dirty paper coding at physical layer is investigated in this paper. The tradeoff is based on a new design objective termed 'tri-stage' approach as well as a new \ell -1-based fairness measure that is much more robust than the well-known Jain's index for comparing fairness levels achieved by various design objectives at a much finer resolution in high SNR regime. The newly proposed tri-stage design also introduces a new concept of statistical power allocation that randomly allocates power to users based on an optimal probability distribution derived from the tradeoff between sum rate and fairness. Simulation results show that the proposed approach can simultaneously achieve a larger sum rate and better fairness than the reputable proportional fairness criterion. A performance upper bound is also given in the paper to show the excellent performance of the proposed approach at moderate and high SNR regimes as well as some potential for further improvement in low SNR regime.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number8676373
Pages (from-to)5684-5695
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2019


  • Broadcast communication
  • MISO
  • dirty paper coding
  • fairness
  • zero-forcing beamforming


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