Ab initio chemical kinetics for the NH2 + HNOx reactions, part I: Kinetics and mechanism for NH2 + HONO

Shucheng Xu, Ming-Chang Lin

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11 Scopus citations


The kinetics and mechanism for the reaction of NH2 with HONO have been investigated by ab initio calculations with rate constant prediction. The potential energy surface of this reaction has been computed by single-point calculations at the CCSD(T)/6-311+G(3df, 2p) level based on geometries optimized at the CCSD/6-311++G(d , p) level. The reaction producing the primary products, NH3+NO2, takes place via precomplexes, H 2N···c-HONO or H 2N···t-HONO with binding energies, 5.0 or 5.9 kcal/mol, respectively. The rate constants for themajor reaction channels in the temperature range of 300-3000 K are predicted by variational transition state theory or Rice-Ramsperger-Kassel-Marcus theory depending on the mechanism involved. The total rate constant can be represented by ktotal =1.69×10-20 × T 2.34 exp(1612/T ) cm 3 molecule-1 s-1 at T =300-650 K and 8.04×10-22 × T 3.36 exp(2303/T ) cm 3 molecule-1 s-1 at T =650-3000 K. The branching ratios of the major channels are predicted: k1 +k 3 producing NH3 +NO2 accounts for 1.00-0.98 in the temperature range 300-3000 K and k2 producing OH+H2NNO accounts for 0.02 at T >2500 K. The predicted rate constant for the reverse reaction, NH3 +NO2→NH2 +HONO represented by 8.00×10-26 × T 4.25 exp(-11,560/T ) cm3 molecule-1 s-1, is in good agreement with the experimental data.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)678-688
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Chemical Kinetics
Issue number11
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2009


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