A VR-based calligraphy writing system with force reflection

Chang Wei Liang, Mu Cheng Hsieh, Kuu-Young Young*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Painting software for art production currently uses the mouse, keyboard and graphic tablet as the primary input devices. However, for Chinese-style calligraphy, these devices have difficulty replicating the effect of the traditional calligraphy brush. In this paper, we aim to develop a calligraphy writing system in a virtual environment, using a force-reflection joystick as the input device. A virtual brush model, including the emulation of both geometric- and physical-based deformations, is proposed to enhance the veracity of the visual effect. In experiments, the performance of the proposed system is compared with results using a calligraphy brush and a graphic tablet.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)83-91
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Automation and Smart Technology
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2011


  • Calligraphy
  • Force-reflection joystick
  • Virtual brush model
  • Virtual environment


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