CONTEXT: There is a medical need for effective insulin-independent antidiabetic drugs that can promote pancreatic β-cell function and have a low risk of hypoglycemia in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients. R-form verapamil (R-Vera), which is able to enhance the survival of β-cells and has higher cardiovascular safety margin compared with racemic verapamil, was developed as a novel approach for T2DM treatment. OBJECTIVE: This randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial was designed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of 3 dosages of R-Vera added to ongoing metformin therapy in T2DM patients who had inadequate glycemic control on metformin alone. METHODS: Participants were randomly assigned in an equal ratio to receive R-Vera 450, 300, or 150 mg per day, or matching placebo, in combination with metformin. The primary endpoint was change in hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) after 12 weeks of treatment. RESULTS: A total of 184 eligible participants were randomized to receive either R-Vera or placebo plus metformin. At week 12, significant reductions in HbA1c were observed for R-Vera 300 mg/day (-0.36, P = 0.0373) and 450 mg/day (-0.45, P = 0.0098) compared with placebo. The reduction in HbA1c correlated with decreasing fasting plasma glucose levels and improved HOMA2-β score. Treatment with R-Vera was well tolerated with no hypoglycemic episodes occurring during the trial. CONCLUSION: Addition of R-Vera twice daily to ongoing metformin therapy significantly improved glycemic control in T2DM patients. The favorable efficacy and safety profile of R-Vera 300 mg/day can be considered as the appropriate dose for clinical practice.
|Journal||Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism|
|State||Published - 28 Sep 2022|
- antidiabetic drug
- R-form verapamil
- type 2 diabetes