A Process-Aware Memory Compact-Device Model Using Long-Short Term Memory

Albert S. Lin, Sparsh Pratik, Jun Ota, Tejender Singh Rawat, Tzu Hsiang Huang, Chun Ling Hsu, Wei Ming Su, Tseung-Yuen Tseng*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


With the immense increase in the processing data during the scaling down of semiconductor devices by Moore's Law, it is in urgent need to use data analytics to meet the state of the art performance in both manufacturing and device compact modeling. In particular, managing the fabrication cost and promptly providing compact device models, especially for new or emerging devices, is challenging. To ease out these issues, we propose a unified, general-purpose, process-aware machine learning (ML) based compact model (CM) for resistive random-access memory (RRAM), and the same methodology can be used for any memory devices with hysteresis. A long short-term memory (LSTM) ML model is used to fit the RRAM current-voltage (I-V) characteristics. The memorizing capability of LSTM ensures one model can fit both RRAM low resistance state (LRS) and high resistance state (HRS). The fitted dataset is based on the fabricated RRAM samples using TaN/HfO2/Pt/Ti/SiO2/Si structure. The resultant fitting error is 0.0096 in sinusoidal wave input voltage and 0.0148 in random walk voltage sequences. In the process-aware demonstration, we use post-oxide annealing dataset from 300°C to 500°C. The root mean squared error (RMSE) in the process-aware RRAM compact model is 0.0028. Thus, the LSTM-based CM has the potential to compete with the conventional compact device models in terms of shorter developing time, better fitting capability in emerging devices and a large number of devices, easily incorporated process-aware models, and one unified model accounting for LRS and HRS ensuring differentiability. We propose that the LSTM based memory CM can be useful in intelligent manufacturing, process tuning, and simulation program with integrated circuit emphasis (SPICE) modeling in circuit simulation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9308977
Pages (from-to)3126-3139
Number of pages14
JournalIEEE Access
StatePublished - Oct 2020


  • Intelligent manufacturing systems
  • machine learning
  • process aware modeling
  • RRAM
  • semiconductor process modeling


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