A population-based epidemiological study on cardiovascular risk factors in Kin-Chen, Kinmen

Chen Huan Chen*, Jen Hsiang Chuang, Hsu Sung Kuo, Mau Song Chang, Shih Pu Wang, Pesus Chou

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations


We conducted a population survey of cardiovascular risk factors in Kin-Chen, Kinmen (Quemoy), an island under military control for 40 years and the focal point of confrontation between mainland China and Taiwan. During the period 1992-1994, all residents ≥30 years of age in Kin-Chen, the largest township in Kinmen, were invited to participate. The response rate was 60.3% ( 3826 6346). The prevalence of hypertension (≥ 160/95 mmHg and/or under treatment) was 25.2% in men and 17.6% in women. The rate for smoking was 41.5% in men and 2.9% in women. The prevalence of diabetes was 6.7% in men and 6.4% in women. Mean values for systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, total cholesterol, triglyceride, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol were 135.3 mmHg, 85.5 mmHg, 5.3 mmol/l, 1.1 mmol/l, 3.5 mmol/l and 1.4 mmol/l in men; and 128.0 mmHg, 79.5 mmHg, 5.2 mmol/l, 1.0 mmol/l, 3.3 mmol/l and 1.5 mmol/l in women, respectively. The unexpectedly high prevalence of hypertension in Kin-Chen males may reflect the effect of more than 40 years of military control and discipline. The high serum cholesterol level in Kin-Chen relative to mainland China and the low triglyceride level relative to Taiwan and Beijing, suggest further study of the contributions of diet and other psychosocial or environmental factors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)75-88
Number of pages14
JournalInternational Journal of Cardiology
Issue number1
StatePublished - 27 Jan 1995


  • Coronary heart disease
  • Epidemiology
  • Kinmen study
  • Population-based study
  • Risk factor


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